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Stem Cell Therapy Facts Worth Noting
These days, you hear a lot of news about stem cells and stem cell therapy. For the most part, there are a lot of controversies surrounding this particular therapy. For a better understanding of stem cell therapy, you can read more here about them. Keep in mind that there are different approaches to stem cell therapy. For the best results from this procedure, always choose the simple and legal ones.
In understanding stem cell therapy better, take note that there are two major sources of stem cells, the embryonic and the adult cell. A stem cell is undifferentiated with the capability to renew itself as well as transform into a minimum of three different tissue types. As the name implies, you get embryonic stem cells from early stage embryos. For this stem cell, it can differentiate into different types of adult cells. These stem cells behave in a consistent manner when they are under a microscope. Once they get injected into the body, however, they become less predictable. Even with such controversies, they offer benefits to research. Sadly, they cannot be used for any actual treatments.
You can find adult stem cells, on the other hand, in post-fetal animals. The most common examples of these stem cells are hematopoietic stem cells that turn into white or red blood cells. There are also mesenchymal cells that transform into varying tissues like ligaments, tendons, bones, cartilages, liver, nerves, and heart. Besides the bone marrow, fat, muscles, and brain tissue are other sources of adult stem cells. Among these tissues, fat contains the most number of mesenchymal cells. On the other hand, the umbilical blood or bone barrow has more stem cells that develop into white or red blood cells.
For stem cells, they can be classified further as xenogenic, allogenic, and autologous. Autologous stem cells have the origins from the same animal. There are no concerns of rejection for this type of stem cells, making them an ideal choice for transplants. Allogenic stem cells, on the other hand, come from a donor under the same species. Xenogenic stem cells lastly come from a donor belonging in another species.
For stem cell therapy, stem cells are utilized for their ability to differentiate into other types of tissues in the body. Also, these cells are popular for their healing benefits. Stem cells are essential for healing because of their ability to produce over thirty kinds of tissue chemicals and growth factors. These cells also help make other systemic and local stem cells of the body focus on repairing damaged tissues. This kind of cell is also vital in immune modulation. They play a vital role in the suppression or promotion of the function of T-cells.
There are studies in horses regarding the use of stem cell therapy. Repair of injuries in the ligament of horses is the most common function of this therapy. For more stem cell therapy benefits, click here for more info.